Biological Survey

Biological Survey









The scientific publications of the National Museum consist of two series—Proceedings and Bulletins.

The Proceedings, the first volume of which was issued in 1878, are intended primarily as a medium for the publication of original papers based on the collections of the National Museum, setting forth newly acquired facts in biology, anthropology, and geology derived there- from, or containing descriptions of new forms and revisions of limited groups. A volume is issued annually or oftener for distribution to libraries and scientific establishments, and, in view of the importance of the more prompt dissemination of new facts, a limited edition of each paper is printed in pamphlet form in advance. The dates at which these separate papers are published are recorded in the table of contents of the volume.

The present volume is the forty-third of this series.

The Bulletin, publication of which was begun in 1875, is a series of more elaborate papers, issued separately, and, like the Proceedings, based chiefly on the collections of the National Museum.

A quarto form of the Bulletin, known as the ‘‘Special Bulletin,” has been adopted in a few instances in which a larger page was deemed indispensable.

Since 1902 the volumes of the series known as ‘‘Contributions from the National Herbarium,” and containing papers relating to the botan- ical collections of the Museum, have been published as Bulletins.

RicHarp RATHBUN, Assistant Secretary, Smithsonian Institution, In charge of the United States National Museum.

February 27, 1913.



BiceLtow, Henry B. Preliminary account of one new genus and three new species of Meduse from the Philip- pines.—No. 1931. November 20, 1912*___------------

New genus: Nawarchus. New species: Protiara tropica, Zygocanna vagans, Nauarchus halius.

Burke, CHARLES Victor. <A new genus and six new species of fishes of the family Cyclogasteride.—No.1941. Decem- |S SUG rt ii AS UR SSR Na AS i cer aE Berd

New genus: Polypera. New species: Cyclogaster bristolense, C. megacephalus, Careproctus gilberti, Paraliparis deani, P. garmani, Rhinoliparis attenuatus.

CurarK, Austin Hoparr. The crinoids of the Museum fuer Naturkunde, Berlin.—No. 1937. November 20, 1912 *__-

New species: Comissia hartmeyeri, Tropiometra audouint.

CockERELL, T. D. A. Names applied to the Eucerine bees of North America.—No. 1932. October 19, 1912 *

Crawrorp,J.C. Descriptionsof new Hymenoptera No.5.— oalo2 au oeptemiben( ,COl2 twee kl eee eee

New genera: Coccidoctonus, Diaulinopsis.

New species: Podagrion echthrus, Eurytoma piure, Cheiropachus brunneri, Cerambycobius townsendi, C. peruvianus, Coccidoctonus trinidadensis, Spintherus pulchripennis, Cecidostiba burkei, C. ashmeadi, C. thomsoni, Scymnophagus secundus, Catolaccus town- sendi, Chrysocharis parksi, C. ainsliei, Closterocerus utahensis, C. winnemane, Horismenus urichi, Pleurotropis rugosithorax, Deros- tenus punctiventris, D. pictipes, Tetrastichus gowdeyi, Elachertus johannseni, E. benefactor, Diaulinopsis callichroma, Diaulinus pul- chripes, D. websteri, Notanisomorpha ainsliet, Comedo koebelei, C. anomocerus, C. hookeri.

New name: Pleurotropis ashmeadi.

DoouirrLe, ALFRED A. Notes on the occurrence of the crustacean Alonopsis in America, with description of a new species.—No. 1940. December 31, 1912?

New species: Alonopsis aureola.








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Page. Fisher, Watter K. Four new genera and fifty-eight new species of starfishes from the Philippine Islands, Celebes, and the Moluccas.—No. 1944. February 5, 19134. ....-. 599-648

New genera: Ctenopleura, Astromesites, Perissogonaster, Astrothauma.

New species: Sidonaster psilonotus, Ctenodiscus orientalis, Gonio- pecten asiaticus, Prionaster analogus, P. gracilis, P. megaloplaz, Astropecten eremicus, A. luzonicus, A. tenellus, A. pedicellaris, Ctenopleura astropectinides, Ctenophoraster diploctenius, Pstlaster gotoi, P. robustus, Astromesites compactus, Persephonaster euryactis, P. anchistus, P. luzonicus, P. tenuis, P. multicinctus, P. suluensts, P. ediplax, P. habrogenys, P. monostechus, Tritonaster evorus, Dipsacaster diaphorus, Patagiaster sphxrioplax, Dytaster (Koremas- ter) evaulus, Mimaster notabilis, Pseudarchaster oligoporus, Aphro- ditaster microceramus, Paragonaster stenostichus, Perissogonaster insignis, Rosaster nannus, R. mimicus, R. mamillatus, Nymphaster euryplax, N. dyscritus, N. mucronatus, N. leptodomus, N. moluc- canus, N. arthrocnemis, N. meseres, N. habrotatus, N. atopus, Ceramaster smithi, Peltaster cycloplax, Sphxriodiscus scotocryptus, Iconaster perierctus, Astroceramus lionotus, A. spheriostictus, Cal- liaster corynetes, Astrothawma euphylacteum, Anthenoides granulosus, A. lithosorus, A. rugulosus.

New subgenus: Koremaster.

New subspecies: Astropecten acanthifer phragmorus, Paragonaster ctenipes hypacanthus.

Mattocnu, J. R. One new genus and eight new species of dipterous insects in the United States National Museum collection—No. 1945. December 31, 19121__..-.-.---- 649-658

New genus: Steinomyia.

New species: Simulium bicoloratum, S. bipunctatum, S. townsendi, S. nitidum, Limosina picturatus, Pipunculus vierecki, P. winne- mannx, Steinomyia steini.

New American dipterous insects of the family Pipunculide.—No. 1934. October 19, 19121____....... 291-299

New species: Pipunculus occidentalis, P. townsendi, P. stigmatica, P. exilis, P. inconspicuus, P. trichetus, P. trochanteratus, P. metal- lescens, P. caudelli.

The insects of the dipterous family Phorid in the United States National Museum.—No. 1938. December 12101204 vlnok viniow | witunder ie yusaia lt, VON enna ae et ce

New genera: Pseudohypocera, Parasyneura.

New species: Trupheoneura varipes, T. vitrinervis, T. suspecta, T. subfusca, Paraspiniphora trispinosa, P. slossone, P. spinulosa, Dohrniphora knabi, Hypocera rectangulata, H. convergens, Phora occidentata, Pseudohypocera clypeata, Beckerina or phuephiloides, A po- cephalus spinicosta, A. coquilletti, A. similis, A. aridus, Aphio- cheta conglomerata, A. californiensis, A. ned, A. barberi, A.

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MALLOocH, J. R.—Continued. Page.

subpicta, A. marginalis, A. submarginalis, A. perdita, A. arcuata, A. winnemana, A. conica, A. fisheri, A. inequalis, A. macrochzxta, A. spinifemorata, A. sublutea, A. carlynensis, A. subflava, A. incisa, A. evarthe, A. straminea, A. fungorum, A. longipennis, A. cayuga, A. straminipes, A. johannseni, A. brunnipes, A. iroquoi- ana, A. ursina, A. proboscidea, A. arizonensis, A. monticola, A. franconiensis, A. dubitata, A. divergens, A. atomella, A. subato- mella, A. retardata, A. approximata, A. vulgata, A. difficilis, A. anomala, A. subobscurata, A. bicolorata, A. conspicualis, A. inor- nata, A. borealis, A. rusticata, A. perplexa, A. infumata, A. chxto- neura, A. peregrina, A. dyari, A. flavinervis, A. fuscopedunculata, Plastophora curriei, P. spatulata, P. antiguensis, Metopina fenyesi, Puliciphora nudipalpis, P. palposa, P. glacialis, P. nitida, Acon- tistoptera mexicana, Chonocephalus buccata, Dohrniphora nitida, Hypocera rectangulata, Aphiochxta orientata, A. tasmaniensis, A. setaria, A. variata, Parasyneura rotundipennis, Aphiocheta fenes- trata, A. schwarzi, Puliciphora virginiensis.

New names: Chxtoneurophora, Paraspiniphora.

New varieties: Dohrniphora venusta, var. buscki, Aphiochxta scalaris, var. cordobensis.

MerRILL, GEORGE P. A newly found meteoric iron from Perryville, Perry County, Missouri—No. 1948. Decem- Baer WR De aime tol EL taal ly ON ta iN I he OD bh OT

Nurtine, Caartes C. Descriptions of the Alcyonaria col- lected by ‘the U. S. Fisheries steamer Albatross, mainly in Japanese waters, during 1906.—No. 1923. November 23, TSE Tots ot cy 2 ce Re RTA. ea SP 1-104

New genera: Helicoptilum, Primnodendron.

New species: Clavularia sulcata, C. japonica, Lithophytum roseum, Dendronephthya magnacantha, D. nigripes, D. oviformis, Aleyonium kiikenthali, Nidalia gracilis, Bellonella flava, Anthomastus japoni- cus, Ptilosarcus brevicaulis, Pennatula longistyla, P. rubescens, P. brevipenna, P. inermis, Halisceptrum album, Umbellula eloisa, Kophobelemnon hispidum, Protoptilum orientale, Trichoptilum spinosum, Helicoptilum rigidum, Plumarella spicata, P. adhxrans, Thouarella recta, T. alternata, Primnodendron superbum, Acan- thogorgia fusca, A. paradoxa, Anthomuricea aberrans, Muriceides cylindrica, M. nigra, Muricella reticulata, M. abnormalis, Acis spinifera, Placogorgia japonica, Villogorgia brunnea, Elasmogorgia ramosa, Leptogorgia beringi, Callistephanus pacificus, Paragorgia regalis.

OBERHOLSER, Harry C. A revision of the forms of the great blue heron (Ardea herodias Linneus).—No. 1939.

Decaaper ia: POL eM oe UL) St A 31-559 New subspecies: Ardea herodias adoxa, A. h. hyperonca, A. h. oligista.

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Page. OsspurN, Raymonp C. Bryozoa from Labrador, Newfound- land, and Nova Scotia, collected by Dr. Owen Bryant.— No. 1933. «November 20;:19121: . 2025. .J2 eee Bie —2a0

PEARSE, ARTHUR S. Notes on certain amphipods from the Gulf of Mexico, with descriptions of new genera and new species —No. 1936. November 20, 1912'...__.._.._... 369-379

New genus: Lembopsis. New species: Lembopsis spinicarpus, Chevalia mexicana, Unciola laminosa.

Rapcuirre, Lewis. Descriptions of a new family, two new genera, and twenty-nine new species of Anacanthine fishes from the Philippine Islands and contiguous waters.—No. 1924. . September 27, 1912? \ v8 2 Wes a ea

New genera: Macrouroides, Parateleopus.

New species: Physiculus nigrescens, Regania filamentosa, R. sulcata, Hymeno- cephalus longipes, H. torvus, H. longiceps, Macrourus lucifer, M. nigromar- ginatus, M. macronemus, M. paradoxus, M. microps, M. dubius, M. asprellus, M. proximus, M. xquatoris, M. hyostomus, M. camurus, M. orthogrammus, M. parvipes, Matxocephalus nigrescens, M. adustus, Celorhynchus macro- rhynchus, C. commutabilis, C. platorhynchus, C. acutirostris, C. notatus, C. argentatus, Macrouroides inflaticeps, Parateleopus microstomus.

New family: Macrouroidide.

Ricuarpson, Harriet. Descriptions of a new genus of isopod crustaceans, and of two new species from South America.—No. 1929. September 27, 19121___-._._.-... 201-204

New genus: Excirolana. New species: Excirolana chilensis, E. braziliensis.

———. Descriptions of two new isopods, an Apseudes and a Munnopsis, both from the Galapagos Islands.—No. 1926. September 7, 194.22. 20% ustidsns ao. Re eee 9 Tee

New species: Apseudes galapagensis, Munnopsis longiremis.

Rouwer, 8. A. Notes on sawflies, with descriptions of new species.—No. 1930. September 30, 1912'__.___-_.._.._ 205-251

New genera: Tanyphatnidea, Allantidea, Zalagium, Zamacrophya, Neopoppia, Senoclidea, Caulocampus, Dineuridea.

New spcies: Pamphilius (Pamphilius) nigritibialis, Arge geei, A. salicis, Tany- phatnidea microcephala, Diprion grandis, Monostegia nearctica, Rhogogaster truncatus, R. pitohatus, Sciapteryx coquilletti, Lagium erythrogastrum, L. angu- labre, L. planifrons, Zalagiwm clypeatum, Macrophya zabriskiei, M. xanthonota, M.melanota, M.nigristigma, M. externiformis, M.lineatana, M.tenuicornis, Zama crophya nigrilabris, Tenthredo (Labidia) anomocerus, T. (L.) alienatus, T. (L.) anomus, Neopoppia metallica, Senoclidea amala, S. terminata, Rhadinocerxa lucida, Paracharactus leucostomus, P. niger, P. nigrisomus, Monophadnus trun- catus, Perclista quercus, Nesoselandria ceylonensis, Stromboceros (Prostromboceros)

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Rouwer, S. A.—Continued. Page

planifrons, S. (Stromboceridea) albimaculatus, S. (Neostromboceros) metallica, Strongylogaster remotus, S. alboannulatus, Craterocercus floridanus, Euura serissime, E. nigrella, Pontania crassicornis, P. lucide, P. agama, P. foveata, Amauronematus knabi, Nematus procidentius, Acordulecera antennata, A. scutel- lata, A. foveata, A. parva, A. erythrogasira, A. caryx, A. nigrata, A. portiz, A. nigritarsis, A. basirufa, A. flavipes, A. quercus.

New subgenera: Prostromboceros, Neostromboceros.

New subspecies: Tenthredo (Labidia) opimus coloradensis.

New variety: Pontania nevadensis var. nigripecta.

New name: Macrophya nebraskensis.

Studies in the woodwasp superfamily Oryssoidea, with descriptions of new species.—No. 1925. September SA WL aR a4 who atieseahan a hid gti Voy ruddy Li amNY) 9 Ane 1 58

New species: Oryssus modestus, O. abietes, O. pini, O. relativus, O. hopkinst.

TowNsEND, CuartEs H. T. Descriptions of new genera and species of muscoid flies from the Andean and Pacific coast regions of South America.—No. 1935. November

DEN Aa pa i rth hee Se hase a 301-367

New genera: Plagiops, Euthelaira, Gistrogaster, Neotrafoia, Eugym- nochexta, Incamyia, Spathimyia, Chextosisyrops, Eucadorana, Dolich- ostoma, Erigonopsis, Vibrissomyia, Andinomyia, Epalpodes, Cés- trohystricia, Eudejeania, Metopiops, Chxtophorocera, Protogonia, Jenimyia, Aglummyia, Gstropsis, Euparaphyto, Chloronesia, Phx- nopsis, Euselenomyia. Perua.

New species: Euphorocera peruviana, E. minor, Plagiops meridion- alis, Eumyothyria meridionalis, Euthelaira inambarica, Gstrogaster fumosus, Tropidopsis connectans, Neotrafoia incarum, Eugym- nochxta equatorialis, Dexodes meridionalis, Incamyia cuzcensie, Spathimyia ferox, Chxtosisyrops montanus, Siphosturmia pollinosa, Eucadorana bicolor, Dolichostoma alpina, Erigonopsis arequipe, Vibrissomyia lineata, V. bicolor, Andinomyia cruciata, Epalpodes equatorialis, Archytas incasana, Cistrohystricia subalpina, Dejeania andina, Eudejeania subalpina, E. nigra, Lasiopalpus subalpinus, Metopiops mirabilis, Brachymasicera subpolita, Chxtophorocera andina, C. fuscosa, Salmacia peruviana, S. pacifica, S. chxtosa, 8. alpina, Protogonia ocellaris, Triachora equinoctialis, Belvosia piur- ana, Jenimyia albicincta, J. punctata, Blepharipeza montagna, Aglummyia percinerea, Cstropsis viridis, Sarcophaga auribarbata, S. aurigena, S. argentea, Sarcophagula peruana, Ewparaphyto alpina, Chloronesia andina, Metopia meridiana, Phxnopsis arabella, Sarcomacronychia trivittata, Euselenomyia peruviensis, Perua cuz- cana, Megaprosopus andinus.

New name: Cnephalodopsis.

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Page. Viereck, H. L. Descriptions of one new family, eight new genera, and thirty-three new species of Ichneumon-flies.— Nov £942... December 31, 191282: w2u'e22 7 Ae ea bee

New genera: Myersia, Thaumatotypidea, Bucculatriplex, Habrobra- conidea, Cymodusopsis, Ectopimorpha, Mallochia, Neopristomerus. New species: Myersia laminata, Cardiochiles nigriceps, Chelonus (Chelonus) busckiella, Habrobraconidea bicoloripes, Macrocentrus amicroploides, Meteorus archipsidis, Apanteles (Protapanteles) har- nedi, A. (P.) oxyacanthoidis, Rogas laphygmx, Apanteles (Steno- pleura) chilocida, A. (Stenopleura) depressus, A. (S.) podunkorum, Angitia plutellx, Anisitsia nigerrima, Barydotira hammari, Bathy- thrix kuwane, Callicryptus magnificus, Calliphrurus? txniogaster, Campoplex epinotix, C. polychrosidis, Casinaria eupitheciz, Cre- mastus (Cremastidea) chinensis, Crypturopsis microgaster, Cymodu- sopsis aristotelix, Pimpla (Epiurus) kuwane, Herpestomus hyponomeutx, Hyposoter diversicolor, Hypothereutes elyi, H. nigro- lineatus, Pimpla (Iseropus) viduiformis, Mallochia agenioides, Pimpla (Pimpla) parnare, Polycyrtus cockerellzx.

New family: Myersvide.

New subgenera: Cremastidea, Neonortonia.

New name: Jchneumon klagesi.

Witson, CHARLES Brancw. Dragon flies of the Cumberland Valley in Kentucky and Tennessee.—No. 1928. Septem- Der 7, POVD Beek orb ow aN YS Cpe Cette ec

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PLATES. ee 1. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. .--.-........-.....--.--.- 104 2. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. .............-....-----.-- 104 3. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. ...............-----.--.-- 104 4. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. ..................--.-.--- 104 5. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. .............-.....-.-.-.. 104 6. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. ............-..--.-------- 104 7. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. .................---.--... 104 8. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. ...............-2..-..---- 104 9. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. ............... eee ae 104 10. :Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. ...............--..---2..- 104 11. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. .........-.........--..-.- 104 12. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. ...............--.---2.-..- 104 13. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean..........-.-.-.......--.-- 104 14. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. .......-.2....-2022-+--055 104 15. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. ...............-..2.2----- 104 i6. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. .... <2... 22. 2-sece-04- ss 104 iy. Aleyonaria irom the Northwest Pacific Ocean. ....-.... 22 <2 --.se65: -feen 104 18. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. .............-.....-.--2--- 104 19. Alcyonaria,from the Northwest Pacific Ocean. ........). 24. -4024s202 520% 104 20. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean..........-.........----..- 104 21. Alcyonaria from the Northwest Pacific Ocean... 02.22... .-20se20%-s0es 104 22. 1. Physiculus nigrescens; 2. Regania filamentosa; 3. R. sulcata.........-... 140 23. 1. Hymenocephalus longipes; 2. H. torvus; 3. H. longiceps..........---.-0 140 24. 1. Macrourus lucifer; 2. M. nigromarginatus; 3. M. macronemus.........- 149 25. 1. Macrourus paradorus; 2. M. microps; 3. M. dubius.............-......- 140 26. 1. Macrourus asprellus; 2. M. proximus; 3. M. xquatoris.....-.-.......--- 140 27. 1. Macrourus hyostomus; 2. M. camurus; 3, orthogrammus...........----- 140 28: 1. Macrourus parvipes; 2. Matxocephalus nigrescens; 3. M. adustus......... 140 29. 1. Calorhynchus macrorhynchus; 2. C. commutabilis...........-.22--..--- 140 30. 1. Celorhynchus platorhynchus; 2. C. acutirostris; 3. C. notatus...........- 140 31. 1. Celorhynchus argentatus; 2. Macrouroides inflaticeps.............-.----- 140 32. Map of the world, showing the distribution of the superfamily Oryssoidea.. 142 33. 1. A. Map showing distribution of Stirocorsia (O), Chalinus (X), Mocsarya (H), and Ophrynopus. B. Showing distribution of Oryssus.............- 142 34. Bryozoa from Labrador, Newfoundland, and Nova Scotia................- 290 mbNiatia CUNADORLCH Ol thoritees oi oc ON le ee 4a By 530 Be Deintin onspectes'or Photider A002. 2 hoe ia ae Vcc ae oe. Se yond 530 ko rads Gl iapocien Of Phortdiey | i.e So .2 po cehinde sags 6 2. oh eae cerden 530 Bre Clade OR APCCIES Oly hOmides oi iia) 2 ba) Ae Baw ure. -bSawie Wane durtioen 530 ao. species of, Phoridve soo)... d.)cc0cic = 25. c2edes- deed Jd. spasueiyy 4 530 Bo. cwaile oispectes of. Phoride sa oe beige. So) seb tise tae. -beecebtaree dee 530 Sits GLAZE GUAECICS Of PROMS j.15.i2t0- 2s, beatae don Gs de +. sbeebs o chee. 530 #2.) Alonopme ftom Americas 22. 0a. Sel seach bk. git ease: sia Seite Eras Bale 566 Bas Alen Pn IIGICATMOrIen es wbiicr uel Jul lao c's etic tip, cally ale lees | 566 eine enn ie. MinmssuM. meteore inom. «205. 2b Peo. ees jes Lae 598 a. The Perryville, Missouri, meteone ion. 2)... - 2.5.52) neces ec eee aed 598 eu MDM W MEO. Git wie civeniei's whe Luis «cele Gain nee amaluniee Stance slale 658



Position of coracoid foramen in certain macrourids ..........----.--.------- Caslarhiehin, COMMMADUNA 2. sieia cin ae = ee en een eee Catorlupichus commutabilts, form alpha. = 22225. 27-22 a, eee eee Cotlorhynchus commucavitis, form beta....--\).\.|- 12> 5235222 stoners eee ee Calorhynchus comnmutabilis, form gamma... 2...) ..2 2 nak dee eee Celorhynchisicommiutabilis, form: delta.: 2. 222022 202.2 ee ees ee Celorhynenusicommutabilis, formieta!2 1.222. 2 22. 22 Se ae eee oe ee PC Elariemcies Parr nymcnus seo. 6) SSCs UND Se ote lee reer ee Céelorlanchus platerhynchus, form: alpha: .:-: +2220... 22-2 Jn. ete ee ae oe ELON RGHAUS EULITOSITTS 212 od oo iaid.a slate eee oe Sam Erie ial ore ele Saleh eee ear et arateleapus MrCrOslQNUUs. o= .-..'f te seca as eee eae = ore nie re rele aerate a rete Oryssus. (a) head front view; (b) male antenna; (c) female antenna......... Thorax of Oryssus. (a) dorsal view; (b) lateral view... - - Atha 2 eae eRe Wangs om Ornate Mutetesie socio AG UE ee aoe cele open a ane eee Legs of Oryssus. (a) fore leg of O. abietes, female from the. coxa; (b) fore leg of O.

sayit male from the apex of the femora. 2/22. D2). 0) 22 2o0 So ee eee Abdomen of Oryssus. (a) dorsal view; (0) lateral view ae the second...... Outlines of the hypopygidium of Oryssus. (a) thoracicus; (b) modestus; (c) occi-

dentalis; (d) terminalis; (e) relativus; (f) pini; (g) abietes; (h) hemorrohoidalis . . PA PSCUMCE OALADINCNSUS = «\ = cis ok Sones ce hn 22s ea oe See eee meee eee ete Cee ters Apseudes galapagensis:: First legs of 200), 252 22. See oe ee ee BELL ILO PETS LONGUE 2 5's S/n 0's swionls ces oie = binla te ate pe aes eae ee een eee eter Munnopsis longiremts.. First leg. 9005202 oe eee ee ee te ee eee Podagrion echthrus. Hind femur of female....... OR D8 tae hea ee rete iPedagrion eehihirus:. -Elind.feraur of male: .)- 2222 eee eee eee eee ECW OLGNG CRUONSIS sib 22 coats oa TERE ss ROE OE RR Oe Prea ee oeene COU OLENG DTAZINENStS SS. 28 ST Te re ee te toe ee ae tea Sheaths of lagium. a, planifrons; b, tardum; c, atroviolaceum; d, preatrum;

> EPYERTOGASERUIN Joe he Nake SOS TIRE SE OSRRMT an Sh Ne etl ee Eos ae eS Genital parts of Lagiwm male. a-e, lateral aspect of cochlearium; a, angulabre;

b, planifrons; c, atroviolaceum; d, tardum; e, peratrum; f, ventral view of the

preputium, of peratrume O04 Soc 2 ty RR, ee eres Genital parts of Zalagiwm. a, ventral aspect of preeputium of clypeatum; b-c,

lateral aspect of cochlearium; b, cinctula; c, clypeatum; d, lateral view of sheath

OE CUELULUM 255 2 NS Ee SO a eo eee ea Antenna of ‘Tenthredo (Labidia) anomoceris: )) 02 Je ae eee. mutenna of Tenthredo (Labidia) opimius.: 10.02 2. 88 Se eee eae Antenna of Acordulecera. a, antennata; b, biclinius (except the scape)....... Antenne of 1, Pipunculus trichetus; 2, P. stigmatica; 3, P. caudelli; 4, P.

metallescens; 5, P. exilis; 6, P. inconspicuus; 7, P. occidentalis; 8, P. town-

SEAS 9. P-NPOCRANEETQUUS schol 1 ee Hysianopsis alba. g?,,second gnathopod..:...22: 212222 eee Colomastiz pusilla. a', first antenna; a?, second antenna; g!, first gnathopod,

g’, second gnathopod; mp, maxilliped; t, telson; u, uropod...........-..--- Melita dentata. a', first antenna; a”, second antenna; g, first gnathopod; g?,

second gnathopod; mn, mandible; wu, third uropod...........-..---.----- Lembopsis spvnicarpus. a’, first antenna; a?, second antenna; q’, first gnathopod;

g”, second gnathopod; J, upper lip; li, lower lip; mn, mandible; mp, maxilliped;

mz*, first maxilla; p', first pereeopod; p°, fifth perseopod; t, telson; u®, third

WPOPOG Ss se se eee sbe sass cb kdeces JOR AR a eee


217 223 223 246





a aa


Chevalia mexicana. a’, first antenna; a?, second antenna; g', first gnathopod; g?, second gnathopod; mn, mandible; mp, maxilliped; mz’, first maxilla; ma?, second maxilla; p', first pereeopod; p?, second perzopod; p%, third pereopod; p*, fourth perzeopod; p®, fifth pereeopod; ¢, telson; u*, third uropod.

Grubia compta. a’, first antenna; g', first gnathopod; g?, second gnathopod; lower lipim,.mandible:)u°; third uropodi tue. vie eae 6 eed gach nk

Unciolalaminosa. a’, first antenna; a?, second antenna; e*, third epimerite; g!, first gnathopod; g?, second gnathopod; mn, mandible; mp, maxilliped; mz, first maxilla; mz?, second maxilla; ¢, telson; w!, first uropod; u?, second ira POC We GEIR TOPOS joa NN SE el PSN oO ee win OLte Ue it

Cystisoma spinosum. p®, fifth pereeopod






By Cuarzzs C. Nuttine, Professor of Zoology, State University of Iowa.


But an insignificant proportion of the aleyonarian material col- lected by the U. S. Fisheries steamer Albatross during her cruise in the Northwest Pacific during 1906 was secured outside of Japanese waters. Hence this paper is substantially a contribution to our knowledge of the Japanese Alcyonaria.

The surprising richness of the marine fauna in the vicinity of Japan has long been recognized, and the extent of the collection of Aleyona- ria secured by the Albatross was, in some degree at least, anticipated, although the number of new forms is somewhat greater than might have been expected, especially in view of the number of excellent papers that have appeared in recent years treating of the Alcyonaria of those regions.

A number of more or less extensive collections have made their way to European museums and have been reported on by various writers. Perhaps the most important of these collections was that made during 1904-5 by Dr. F. Doflein and reported on by Prof. W. Kikenthal, who has discussed the Aleyonacea and Gorgonacea! in three masterly monographs, giving excellent discussions of these groups in general, as well as of the species collected by Doctor Doflein. The Pennatulacea are being reported on by Dr. H. Balss, who has given some preliminary descriptions in the Zoologischer Anzeiger for 1909.

A notable work, Primnoide von Japan, by K. Kinoshita, appeared in the Journal of the College of Science of the Imperial University of Tokyo, 1908. The descriptions and figures in this work are excellent, and proved an unusually efficient aid in identification of species in the progress of the present work.

1 Beitrage zur Naturgeschichte Ostasiens. Herausgegeben von Dr. F. Doflein, Japanische Aleyonaceen, 1906; Japanische Gorgoniden, Teil I, 1908; Teil II, 1909.

PROCEEDINGS U. S, NATIONAL Museum, VoL. 43—No. 1923 48702°—Proc.N.M.vol.4838—12——1



Wright and Studer, in their report on the Alcyonaria of the Chal- lenger expedition, described a number of species from Japanese waters, and others have since been reported from that region.

In view of these comprehensive monographs and other less pre- tentious papers, it would seem that the aleyonarian fauna of the Japanese region had been pretty thoroughly worked, and that further investigations of the same region would not be very profitable, at least so far as the discovery of new forms is concerned. On the contrary, however, the collection secured by the Albatross is of ex- ceptional interest, adding many species, most of which are new, to the already extensive list from that region, as well as furnishing numerous items of interest concerning the geographical distribution of the group.

As a whole the Japanese Alcyonaria are more circumscribed in their distribution than one would consider likely, there being com- paratively few species found both in Japanese waters and other parts of the Western Pacific, as is well shown in comparing the lists of species in the present work with those found in the monographic reports on the alcyonarians of the Gulf of Manaar by Thomson and Henderson,’ and the two bulky works which constitute the reports on the Aleyonaria secured by the /nvestigator in the Indian Ocean.’ Such a comparison shows that the faunz of the Indian Ocean and of Japan are by no means intimately related, reminding one of the same condition of affairs found in the Caribbean Sea as compared with the adjacent waters of the North Atlantic.


[The asterisk (*) indicates a new genus or species.]

Order ALCYONACEA. Family CoRNULARIDA. Clavularia dispersa, C. sulcata,* C. eburnea, C. japonica.*

Family NepuTHyip”. Lithophytum roseum.* Dendronephthya splendens, D. acaulis, D. magnacantha,* D. nigripes,* D. oviformis.* Paraspongodes striata.

Family ALcyonipa&.

Aleyonium kiikenthali,* A. gracillimum. Nidalia rubra, N. gracilis.*

Bellonella flava.*

Anthomastus japonicus.*

1 Report on the Pearl Oyster Fisheries of the Gulf of Manaar, The Alcyonaria, 1905. 2 Thomson and Henderson, Report on the Alcyonarians collected by R. I. M.S. S. Investigator in the

Indian Ocean. 1 The Alcyonaria of the Deep Sea, 1906; 2. (Thomson and Simpson) The Alcyonaria of the Littoral Zone, 1909.


Family SrPHONOGORGID&. Siphonogorgia splendens. Order PENNATULACEA.

Family PENNATULIDA. Ptilosarcus brevicaulis .* Pennatula aculeata, P. sulcata, P. murrayi, P. pendula, P. naresi, P. longistyla,* P. rubescens,* P. brevipenna,* P. inermis.* Pteroides sagamiense. Haliscepirum gustavianum, H. cystiferum, H. album.*

Family VIRGULARIDA. Virgularia, sp.? Balticina finmarchica, B. pacifica, B. californica. Halipteris christit.


Umbellula magniflora, U. carpenteri, U. eloisa.* Family KopHoBELEMNONIDS. Kophobelemnon ferrugineum, K. hispidum.*

Family ANTHOPTILIDA. Anthoptilum murrayi.

Family EcHINOopPTILIDA. Echinoptilum macintoshi.

Family Protopriipé. Protoptilum orientale.* Stachyptilum macleari. Trichoptilum spinosum.* Helicoptilum * rigidum.*



Family CHRYSOGORGIDA. Lepidogorgia petersi. Chrysogorgia lata, C. flexilis, C. agassizii, C. dichotoma.

Family Primnoiw2z.

Calyptrophora ijimai, C. japonica, C. kerberti.

Stachyodes megalepis.

Caligorgia flabellum, C. ventrilabrum, C. aspera.

Plumarella spinosa, P. flabellata, P. carinata, P. spicata,* P. adhzrans.* Thouarella hilgendorfi, T. recta,* T. typica, T. striata, T. alternata.* Primnodendron* superbum.*

Family Muriceipa.

Acanthogorgia striata, A. fusca,* A. paradoxa.* Anthomuricea aberrans.*

Muriceides cylindrica,* M. nigra.*

Muriceila reticulata,* M. abnormalis.*

Thesea placoderma.

Acis squamata, A. spinifera.*


Sei Stee tin AR RM Otc seers i ee Placogorgia japonica.* Villogorgia brunnea.* Elasmogorgia filiformis, E. ramosa.* Menella indica. Bebryce hicksoni.

Family PLEXAURIDZ. Euplexaura pinnata.

Family Is1p#.

Acanella normani. Bathygorgia profunda. Ceratoisis paucispinosa, C. philippinensis. Melitodes dichotoma. Parisis fruticosa.

Family GorGoNIDs.

Platycaulus danielssent. Leptogorgia beringi.* Callistephanus pacificus.*


Scirpearella gracilis, S. rubra.

Suborder SCLERAXONITA. Family BriaAREID.

Paragorgia nodosa, P. regalis.*

The above list shows that the collection contains 102 species of Aleyonaria distributed among 54 genera belonging to 18 families. There are 40 new species and 2 new genera. The Muriceide includes the largest number of genera (11) and 17 species. The family con- taining the greatest number of species is the Primnoide, with 18 species and 1 new genus.

The genus represented by the largest number of species is Pen- natula, with 9 species, 4 of which are new, and this genus probably has the greatest geographical range.

The 40 new species, constituting just about 39 per cent of the whole number, are pretty well distributed over the various families and genera of the order, although there is a proportionally greater number in the family Muriceide than in any other, 11 of the 17 species of this family being new. Of the 18 species of the Primnoidz but 5 are new.


Record of dredging stations at which Alcyonaria were secured during the northwest Pacific cruise of the ‘‘ Albatross” in 1906.

See Position. a fiuin Kind of bottom. Species of Alcyonaria. 4765 | West pt. Yunaska Id., S. 1,217 | Fine black sand....... A nthoptilum murrayi. 37° E., 43.5 miles. f 4766 | Koniuji Id., S. 22.5° W., 27 1,766 | Nospecimen.......... Pennatula aculeata, Bathygor- miles. gia profunda.

4768 | 54° 20’ 30’ N.; 179° 09’ 30'’ E. 764 | Green-brown mud: } Balticina pacifica.

fine black sand.

4769 | 54° 30’ 40” N.; 179° 14’ E....| 244-237 | Graysand; green mud.| Plumarella spinosa.

4771 | 54°30’ N.; 179° 17" E......- 426 | Broken shells........- ? Plumarella spicata, ? Thoua- , Tella hilgendor fi.

4772 | 54° 30’ 30’ N.; 179° 14’ E....| 344-372 | Greenish brown sand..| Paragorgia nodosa.

4778 | Semisopochnoi Id., r. t. S. 43-33 | Fine black gravel..... Thouarella striata, Primnoden-

45° W.,1.t.S.12° W., about 12 miles. 4780'| 52° O17 N.; 174° 39" E.......-

4781 | 52° 14’ 30’ N.; 174° 13’ E....

dron superbum. 1,046 482

Gray mud; sand; peb- | Plumarella spicata, Leptogor- bles. gia beringi.

Fine gray sand; peb- | Clavularia eburnea, Plumarella bles. spinosa, Muriceides cylin-

drica, Callistephanus pacifi-


4784 | East Cape, Attu Id., S. 18° 135 | Coarse pebbles........ Plumarella flabellata, Muri-

W., 4 miles. ceides nigra. 4787 North pt. RREDEE Id., N. 79° 54-57 | Green sand........... Plumarella spinosa.

-, 8.5 miles.

4791 | Cape Monati, Bering Id, N. 10-120 | EeOGKY sac acces ae Clavularia sulcata.

52° W., 8.75 miles. ; 4792 | Cape Monati, Bering Id., N. 72] PE ODDICS oes eetens sae Balticina pacifica.

50° W., 8.2 miles. 4793 | Torperkov Id., Hbr. of ikolski, Bering Id., N. 58° E., 44 miles. 4807 cape Tsiuka, S. 58° W., 10.3 m

Ae Aes LAP coe Re ? Helicoptilum rigidum.

Shells; coarse gravel...) Nidalia rubra, Ptilosarcus

es. brevicaulis. 4808 | Cape Tsiuka, S. 61° W., 10.6 47 | Sand; shells; coarse | Péilosarcus brevicaulis, Halis- miles. gravel. ceptrum gustavianum, Meli- todes dichotoma. 4815 | Niigata Lt., S. 25° E., 21.5 70 | Dark green sand ...... Nidalia rubra, Siphonogorgia miles. peters, Pennatula long- istyla, 4817 | Niigata Lt., S. 29° E., 18 61 | Fine gray sand........ Halisceptrum album. miles. 4837 Pelee Zaki Lt., 8. 53° E., 57 | Brown-green mud....} Elasmogorgia filiformis. miles. 4842 | Saigo Misaki (Dogo Id.), 8. 82 | Fine green sand;shells.| Echinoptilum macintoshi. 64° W., 6.1 miles. 4876 | Oki Shima, 8. 29° W., 5.3 59 | Finegraysand; broken} Ptilosarcus brevicaulis, Pen- miles. shells. natula_inermis, Haliscep- trum album. 4879 | Oki Shima, S. 70° W., 7.5 593). oor Oss ae cess se eee ? Dendronephthya acaulis, D. miles. splendens. 4888 | Nomo Zaki, N. 57° E., 16.5 71 | Dark gray sand; bro- | Clavularia japonica, Dendro- miles. ken shells. nephthya oviformis. 4890 | Ose Saki Lt., N. W., 10 ISSIR OCK yn ac ces-ch esac Acanthogorgia paradora, Meli-

todes dichotoma. Gray sand; broken | Clavularia japonica, Dendro- shells; pebbles. nephthya splendens, Pluma- rella carinata, Muricella re- ticulata, Parisis fruticosa, Melitodes dichotoma, Scir- pearella gracilis, S. rubra. Green sand; broken lavularia japonica, Bellonella shells; pebbles. flava, Siphonogorgia splen- dens, Chrysogorgia dichotoma, Plumarella adherans, P. carinata, Thouarella typica, A canthogorgia paradoza, The- sea placoderma, Eupleraura innata, Parisis fruticosa. pares do............-...| Plwmarella adhzrans, P. cari- nata, Thouarella hilgendorfi, ? Muriceides cylindrica, Pa- risis fruticosa. Gray sand; Globiger- | Stachyodes megalepis. ina; broken shells.

miles. 4893 | Ose Saki Lt., N. 29° E., 5.5 miles.



4894 | Ose Saki Lt., N. 41° E., 5 miles.

4895 | Ose Saki Lt., N. 42° E., 4.7 miles.

4918 | Gwaja Shima, S. 38° E, 34 361

miles, 4924 eeats Saki, N. E., 18 159 | No specimen; rocky. ..| Calyptrophora japonica. es. 4934 | Sata Misaki Lt., N.77.5° E., | 152-103 | Rocky.......... aise Siphonogorgia splendens, Pen-~ 7 miles. natula sulcata, P. murrayi,

Thouarella hilgendorfi.



Record of dredging stations at which Alcyonaria were secured during the northwest Pacific cruise of the ‘‘Albatross’’ in 1906—Continued.




Depthin fathoms.

Kind of bottom. Species of Aleyonaria.



4946 4947 4948


4958 4959 4960 4973 4975

4976 4977

4983 4984 4985 4986 4987 4990

Sata Misaki Lt., N. 58° E., 4.5 miles.

Sata Misaki Lt., N. 21° E., 5.7 miles.

Okiko Jima, N. 31° E., 4 miles. Cnka Jima, N. 17° E., 4.4

miles. O Shima Lt., N. 11° E., 12 miles.

Mizunoko Shima Lt., N. 22° W., 33 miles.

Mizimoko Shima Lt., N. 26° W., 29.3 miles.

Mizimoko Shima Lt., N. 23° W., 28.5 miles.

Mizimoko Shima Lt., N. 19° W.., 30.5 miles.

Shio Misaki Lt., N. 82° E., 12.5 miles.

Shio Misaki Lt., N. 49° E., 7 miles.

Shio Misaki Lt., N. 59° E., 6.4 miles.

Shio Misaki Lt., N. 65° E., 7 miles.

Benkei Mizaki Lt., S. E., 12 mil


Benkei Mizaki Lt., S.3° W., 15 miles.

Kamoi Mizaki Lt.,N.17°E., 15.2 miles.

Benkei Mizaki Lt.,N.35° E., 15 miles.

Kamoi MizakiLt., N.76°E., 3.2 miles.

43° 40’ N.; 140° 58’ E........

45° 24’ N.; 140° 49’ 10” E....

47° 39’ 10” N.; 141° 31’ 40’ E.

46° 04’ 40’’ N.; 142° 27’ 30” E.

46° 04’ N.; 142° 29’ E........ 46° 03’ N.; 142°31' E........ 46° 44’ N.; 144° 02’ E.........

46° 44’ 30’’ N.; 143° 45’ E.... 48° 36’ 10’ N.; 145° 17’ 30’ E..

48° 22’ 30’ N.; 145° 43’ 30’ E.. 44° 04’ N.; 145° 32’ E........ 42° 10’ 20’’ N.; 142° 15’ 20” E..

Kinka San Lt., N. 69.5° W., 11.6 miles.

Kinka San Lt., N. 78° W., 25.7 miles.

Omai Saki Lt., S. 54° W., 29.5 miles.

Ose Saki., N. 37° E., 5 miles.

39 51 65


405 405-578 578 600 712-545

545-544 544

428 248-224 224





66 42-43 43-42 42





86 330-309 107



Stomess..-;.:. 3-255 foe Dendronephthya splendens, Si- phonogorgia splendens, Stachyodes megalepis, Calyp- trophora japonica, Acantho- gorgia fusca, Placogorgia ja- ponica, Bebryce hicksoni, Elas- mogorgiaramosa, Parisis fru-

. ticosa, Melitodes dichotoma. ee do................| Dendronephthya magnacantha, D. splendens, Chrysogorgia dichotoma, Stachyodes mega- lepis, Caligorgia flabellum, C. aspera, Thouarella hilgen- dorfi, T. typica, Acanthogor- ia striata, Muricella reticu- ta, Thane COA Ge squamata, A. spinifera, Pla- cogorgia japonica, Villogorgia

brunnea, Parisis fruticosa.

Brown sand; broken | Nidalia gracitis. shells; pebbles. bas joaaib aveyatapaem wcities Virgularia, sp.?

Dark gray volcanic | Pennatula brevipenna. sand; broken shell; pebbles. Green-brown mud; fine| Kophobelemnon hispidum, ay sand; Forami- Acanella normani. era.

saase do................| Pennatula pendula. @e eae do........-....-.-| Pennatula pendula, Trichop- tilum spinosum. asset do................| Pennatula naresi.

Brown mud; stones...}| Pennatula naresi, Umbellula eloisa, Anthoptilum murrayi. Brown mud; pebbles; | Umbellula magniflora, Helicop-

Foraminifera. tilum rigidum, Chrysogorgia fiexilis. Brown mud; small | Anthomastus japonicus, Lep- stones. idogorgia petersi.

Brown mud; finesand.| Kophobelemnon hispidum, He- licoptilum rigidum, Lepido- gorgia petersi.

Green: mud....-. 4... 3~/- Balticina finmarchica. cae e do..............--| Balticina californica, Halipter- is christii. Sercieis do.(?).....-.-..---| Clavularia dispersa, Balticina pacifica.

Fine black sand; black | Balticina californica. Rocky. saeick ote cee Anthomuricea aberrans.

i/o aire sine agin Ser ee Kophobelemnon ferrugineum. Greenimude eee ee Clavularia dispersa. Brow mud, fine gray | Balticina finmarchica. sand. Green mud; fine gray | Alcyoniwm gracillimum.

vei do................| Aleyoniwm gracillimum. cae do................| Alcyoniwm gracillimum. Groen\mudsosene ee a Halisceptrum cystiferum, Um-

bellula carpentert. Brown mud; fine black} Aleyonium kiikenthali. sand; coral; rock. Green mud; black | Lithophytum roseum. sand; gravel. j Black sand; gravel....| Ceratoisis philippinensis. Dark sand; gravel... .. Balticina pacifica. | Brown mud; fine black} Anthomastus japonicus. sand; coral; sand. Dark gray sand; broken| Balticina finmarchica. shells; pebbles. Dark gray sand; broken} A nthomastus japonicus. shells; Foraminifera. Green mud; broken | Protoptilum orientale. shells; Foraminifera. 4 a gaa do................| Pennatula sulcata, Protopti- lum orientale.


Record of dredging stations at which Alcyonaria were secured during the northwest Pacific cruise of the ‘‘Albatross’’ in 1906—Continued.

ee EEE ———————— ee

Station aye Depth in + Laas ; madre Position. Aatioe! Kind of bottom. Species of Aleyonaria. 5070 | Ose Saki, S. W.,1.8 miles. 108 | Mud; sand; broken | Dendronephthya magnacantha, shells. Caligorgia aspera, Pluma-

rella adhzrans, Thouarella hilgendorfi, | Acanthogorgia paradoza, Muricella abnor- malis, Placogorgia japonica, Melitodes dichotoma.

Maw hetetele mye (?)......---.-| Dendronephthya acaulis, Para- spongodes striata, Penna- tula rubescens, Stachyptilum macleari, Menella indica.



5071 | Ose Saki, S. 53.5° W., 2.6 miles.

5072 | Omai Bale t,, S. (37° W., |) 284-148) | Graysmud.. 2 .c.5. 5.) Pennatula inermis. 11.7 miles. 5074 | Omai Pad Hite Se OleOle, AT sane GO saa soesesenese Dendronephthya nigripes. 6.4 miles. 5079 | Omai Saki Lt., N. 29° E., 24 | 475-505 | Pebbles..............- ?Chrysogorgia lata, Calyptro- miles. " phora ijimai, Thouarella al- ternata, YT. recta, Paragor- gia regalis. 5080 | Omai Saki Lt., N. 23.5 E., 28 505 | Fine gray sand; Glo- | Umbellula carpenteri, Lepido- miles. bigerina. gorgia petersi, Chrysogorgia agassizi, Calyptrophora ti- mai, Thouarella alternata. 5083 | Omai Saki Lt., N. 23.5° E., G24 Pee. doses Sees ...-| Ceratoisis paucispinosa. 34.5 miles. 5087 hee Lt., S. 84.5° E., 614 | Green mud........... Calyptrophora ijimai. 14. iles. 5091 | Toga Shima Lt., N. 15° W., 197 | Green mud; coarse | Chrysogorgia lata. 4.2 miles. black sand; pebbles. 5092 | Joga enna tN LOS Wiss 70 | Coarse black sand..... Pennatula sulcata. 3.5 miles. 5093 | Joga Shima Lt., N. W., 5 SO2s een GOs esgasre sodomy Calyptrophora kerberti, Thoua- miles. rella hilgendorfi.

It appears that alcyonarians were secured from 75 stations during the cruise. The greatest yield was from station 4936, at a depth of 103 fathoms, where 16 species were secured; the next best haul being from station 4894, with a yield of 11 species. This last was almost equaled at station 4935, where 10 species were dredged. Other good hauls were from station 4893, where 8 species were secured; and station 5070, yielding 8 species. All of these extraordinarily suc- cessful hauls were from depths ranging from 95 to 108 fathoms, and all were in Japanese waters.

The deepest haul was near Bering Island, where Helicoptilum rigidum, a species for which a new genus of pennatulids is described, was secured from a depth of 2,700 fathoms. At station 4766, near Koniuji Island, one of the Aleutian Group, in a depth of 1,766 fathoms Pennatula aculcata and Bathygorgia profunda were secured. At sta- tion 4765, Anthoptilum murray? was dredged from 1,217 fathoms, and at station 4780, Plumarella spicata and Leptogorgia beringi from a depth of 1,046 fathoms. These were the four deepest hauls at which Alcyonaria were obtained. Of the 6 species from these depths, 3 are pennatulids, and 3 belong to the Gorgonacea, while all belong to families of wide distribution in the deep seas.


Geographical and bathymetrical distribution of Alcyonaria collected by the “‘ Albatross” in the northwest Pacific during 1906.

{The asterisk (*) indicates a new species.]

Bathymetrical distribu-

Geographical distribution. tion (in fathoms)

: {3 eo |e eo} & 3 12e Name ;|8|58 FI sas . g/e|< a =) ASlos £ 3 da | mle slea S S sig/8|2 12 las8lae ; ee 2 1S also . clea iS e/8/s/s/o]8 1S zee! |si/s/s/S/s elalelelalzlfle eels lelsisisie &|4%|e g = Ee |S 3 £8 al) Sui) ain esa 5 s|3]e elSlals & l2lelisisisi|s Clavularia dispersa...---------------- Fey fStetate | ehetate | att al eetmtete | ete | teem asta [atta | emer ey +] + Glavularia suicaia *....---------------lecce|----|----]----|----]-2--|---e]-- 5-]----}--.- ae GANS oa eee Clavularia eburnead.....--------------- mes [he oa era Serecel llevan | cere tear c!| mrseerD terse tare el cect ea foot tee Clavularia japonica *..-...----- oeeeeee + |----]----[----]--- [ee -fe-eefee ee] ee [oe St | eallemalel eeeaye ep hynen TOSCUIM Fo ooo alenn- =~ -- Fen mite etm iat= | eemtaref =tayeie mie etal minder tetera teat | ete =pves.. | eeslasee Dendronephthya splendens..--.-------- fe aoa) ate area = [ainsi tale ntel= fale= | cial ere Seater eel eee Dendronephthya acaulis...-.---.------ she ee fara real eta ete etal otis | ere eer af sf ssratefio cee te ete pores Dendronephthya magnacantha *......-.- fae |f se cra |